Pediatric Autoimmune Neurological Disorders Affect Millions of Children in the U.S.

Based on findings published in the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and estimates from sources at the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), there are between 1 million and 4.5 million children in the United States who are affected by Pediatric Autoimmune Neurological Disorders. However, because these diseases are often under-diagnosed or misdiagnosed altogether, the numbers could be even higher.


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Diseases that fall under the Pediatric Autoimmune Neurological Disorder syndrome include Pediatric Acute-onset Neuropsychiatric Syndrome (PANS), Pediatric Autoimmune Neuropsychiatric Disorders Associated with Streptococcal Infections (PANDAS), Sydenham’s Chorea and Autoimmune Encephalitis (AE).

Individuals affected by Pediatric Autoimmune Neurological Disorders often find it difficult to receive proper diagnosis, treatment and specialized healthcare. The length of time between onset of symptoms and diagnosis can unfortunately take many years, but with early diagnosis and appropriate therapies, many patients diagnosed with a Pediatric Autoimmune Neurological Disorders can live healthy, productive and nearly symptom-free lives.